Criminal justice reform is working to end the sheer number of prisoners in the justice system through litigation and advocacy. By fighting for nationwide reform at various government levels, the nation can right wrongs before the problem worsens.
While no criminal justice system is perfect, neither is that of the United States. The reform aims to fix these errors, and there are several organizations involved in the movement in various ways, including:
- Reducing harsh prison sentences
- Changing the drug sentencing policy surrounding the war on drugs
- Decriminalizing specific laws, including drug policies
- Prioritizing rehabilitation of offenders, especially juvenile offenders
- Altering policies surrounding food assistance programs and voting rights for previous offenders
- Changing minimum sentencing laws
No matter the area in which criminal justice reform works to change the system, it's all about the people affected by the prison system.
One assumption as to why stereotypes exert such an effect is that perceivers want to use the least mental effort possible and use stereotypes to reduce the required action. Despite stereotypes being pervasive and often functional, the justice system's influence on fact-finders can lead to unfair outcomes for both victims and the accused.
Our study suggests that stereotypes can be used to maximize the amount of information evaluated under taxing conditions. We could also redesign courtrooms to remove busy docks, which can create stereotypes about the threat posed by the defendant. And research shows that judges, just like juries, have difficulty ignoring inadmissible information and stereotypes.
Another possibility is to change how jurors are asked to do their job to rely less on stereotypes. One option could be to use structured question trails to instruct jurors, rather than the traditional way of giving verbal instructions.
Although there is a significant volume of literature on the formation of racial and prejudicial stereotypes (Graham and Lowery, 2004), there remains a negligible amount of research concerning the relationship between prejudicial stereotypes and police officers' decision-making processes when informing their suspicions to initiate a stop and search encounter.
Therefore, this article focuses on whether police officers use stereotypes to inform suspicions when conducting stop and search procedures (rather than examining the broader debates concerning policing Black, Asian, and minority ethnic communities).
Angelo Pinto is a perfect example to talk about to make sense of this topic. He is known as a writer, entrepreneur, criminal justice expert, policy strategist, attorney, organizer, and activist. He is an African-American who has worked with some of the most influential people of the modern age, including in conjunction with Michelle Alexander's campaign.
He has met with mayor Bill de Blasio and was the campaign manager of the Raise the Age Campaign. He has played an integral role in holding multiple protests and was even featured in the Free Meek documentary! He is a graduate of the CUNY School of Law, passing in 2008.
Angelo's dedication to protesting against injustice has made him a popular figure, and he's been featured in several documentaries, including the Crime + Punishment Hulu documentary. He's given numerous interviews on channels such as Action News 5 and Fox 26 Houston. He also protested at the election of mayor Bill de Blasio, which ultimately led to the firing of Daniel Pantaleo.